The full jurisdiction of the central government over Hong Kong and Macao stressed in Xi’s speech
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region officials are attending a flag-raising ceremony in Golden Bauhinia Square on Thursday to celebrate the 24th anniversary of the city’s return to the homeland. Thursday also marked the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party. Photo: VCG
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, said on Thursday that we will remain true to the letter and spirit of the “one country, two systems” principle, ensuring that the central government exercises comprehensive jurisdiction over Hong Kong and Macao, and implement legal systems and enforcement mechanisms for the two Special Administrative Regions (SARs) to safeguard national security while protecting sovereignty, security and development interests from China.
Attending a grand ceremony to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the CCP, Xi, also Chinese president and chairman of the Central Military Commission, sounded the alarm on the secessionists and the forces behind them, vowing to take resolute action to completely defeat any attempt. against “Taiwan independence”, which was echoed by waves of cheers and applause from the audience in Tiananmen Square.
By integrating the core tenets of the âone country, two systemsâ policy with a new understanding of developments in Hong Kong and Macau, Xi’s emphasis on full central government jurisdiction over the two SARs stems from the experience accumulated during the process of practicing politics in these two Chinese cities.
This basic state policy has been enriched to provide essential support for the resolution of the Taiwan issue in the near future, some experts said.
We will remain true to the letter and spirit of the “one country, two systems” principle, whereby the people of Hong Kong rule Hong Kong and the people of Macao rule Macao, both with a high degree of autonomy, a Xi said. , noting that we will ensure that the central government exercises comprehensive jurisdiction over the two cities, and implementing the legal systems and enforcement mechanism for the two SARs to safeguard sovereignty, security and development interests of the country as well as the social stability and prosperity of Hong Kong and Macao, Xi said.
Over the past two years, particularly in Hong Kong, serious problems have endangered national security. B Summing up Macau’s experience, the central government has moved forward with building legal and enforcement systems to protect national security in Hong Kong, Hong Kong affairs expert Li Xiaobing told the Global Times on Thursday. Nankai University in Tianjin.
“What we are emphasizing more now is to take sovereignty, national security and development interests as a whole … Hong Kong and Macao are at the forefront of the country in their relations with the world, and we must develop a system and legislation result on the issue of national security, âLi said.
It is not new to mention the full jurisdiction of the central government over Hong Kong. A white paper published in June 2014 on the âone country, two systemsâ practice pointed out that the central government has full jurisdiction, including power exercised directly by central government or power delegated to Hong Kong authorities in accordance with the law.
Full jurisdiction has become a benchmark for the central government in the governance of the two SARs and the establishment of relevant legislative and systemic arrangements, Tian Feilong, associate professor at the university’s law school, told the Global Times on Thursday. from Beihang.
Over the past year, the implementation of the Hong Kong National Security Law and electoral reform aimed at ensuring the principle of one patriots ruling Hong Kong have been devoted to achieving the goal of safeguarding sovereignty, the security and development interests of the country as a Hong Kong, and safeguarding national security is also the core responsibility of the central government, Tian said.
“The enriched principle of ‘one country, two systems’ has also strengthened confidence in exploring basic policy for the island of Taiwan by aiming for reunification as a historic task,” Tian added.
Xi said during his speech that resolving the Taiwan question and completing reunification is a historic mission and an unwavering commitment of the CCP. Cheers and shouts took the ceremony to another climax when Xi said that “no one should underestimate the determination, will and ability of the Chinese people to defend their national sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
This was another clear and decisive message from the top Chinese leader to the island’s secessionists as well as to all outside forces behind them, experts said, as such a strong public backlash also showed that the reunification is an inevitable trend, based on the collective will of the Chinese people.
âAfter years of preparation and development, we can see that the reunification process has entered a period of countdown,â Li said, noting that this is also an important goal for the CCP. who will strive to achieve this generation by generation.
Some Hong Kong residents and academics told the Global Times they were delighted to hear Xi’s speech, which was powerful, encouraging and full of confidence.
âMeanwhile, people cannot let their guard down. When the country has entered a new phase of development, it can trigger worry, fear and envy in the US-led West, which would seek to contain its rise jointly, âLau Siu said. Kai, vice president of the China Association for Hong Kong and Macao Studies, told the Global Times.
âBesides reviewing the CCP’s significant achievements over the past 100 years, the speech made us reflect on the obstacles that lie ahead, especially outside forces, in the face of new challenges and safeguarding national security,â he said. Lau said.